Letters to AA: Africans need intelligence to end discrimination


In this Letter to AA, Keith Jackson argues that Africans will gain respect when they embrace intelligence to create self-sufficiency through science and tech.

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Stemming Yoruba Decline (II/III): Rise of the Oyos & the end of Yoruba nationhood


The Imperial expansion of the Oyo Yoruba from the 1600s-1800's destroyed the Yoruba confederacy and ethnic identity. Briefly restored from 1940-1970, the Yorubas experienced major economic gains. Now as Nigeria's unitary system constrains Yoruba identity, the Yorubas have again entered into modern decline.