The Imperial expansion of the Oyo Yoruba from the 1600s-1800’s destroyed the Yoruba confederacy and ethnic identity. Briefly restored from 1940-1970, the Yorubas experienced major economic gains. Now as Nigeria’s unitary system constrains Yoruba identity, the Yorubas have again entered into modern decline.
Oba Adeyemi III, 43rd Alaafin of Oyo Circa 1970
Oyo’s totems were Jakuta (Thunder) & War (Ogun). The Oyos lived true to their totemic spirits dominating other Yorubas for 200 years with negative implications for Yoruba national identity
Adebayo Alonge (Solutions Ideator)
Oral traditions date the founding of Oyo-Ile to circa 1300 by either Oranyan (citing Oyo sources) or Shango (citing Ife sources). Within a 100 years it would become a formidable inland power extending from modern day Iseyin in Nigeria’s southwest to as far North as the bend of the River Niger where the River Moshi junctions off in Nigeria’s north central region.
Continue reading “Stemming Yoruba Decline (II/III): Rise of the Oyos & the end of Yoruba nationhood”
Ethnic agitations are at the forefront of Nigeria’s public discourse. The Biafra struggle is again taking center stage of global opinion about Nigeria.It will be wise for Nigeria’s elite to heed the reawakened cries of its marginalized underbelly and take steps to seriously restructure its political federation
Map of Biafra
It would be wise for Nigeria’s elite to seriously heed the reawakened cries of its marginalized underbelly. Ethnic agitations will not go away. Give to each people their own- the right to be masters of themselves and directors of their destiny.
Adebayo Alonge (Solutions Ideator)
The Indigenous People of Biafra Movement has captured the attention of debate in Nigeria and is beginning to drive more global attention to separatist agitations in Nigeria.
The Movement wants an Independent Homeland for the Igbo ethnic group outside of the Nigerian country structure.
The case for this echoes back to the mid 1960’s when between 30-60K Igbos (30K alone in September 1966) were killed in Northern Nigeria. Multiple thousands of Northerners were also killed in the Eastern region although this is less often recounted.
Note: There are sensitive images in the rest of this article. Reader discretion advised.
Continue reading “Biafra: Case for restructuring Nigeria”
Nigeria’s 3rd generation now needs to lead from the heart and create a humane nation that works for everyone
Image credit: Premiumtimes
By 2050, Nigeria will have ~400 million people within its boundaries. It remains a poster child for what Africans are and holds the promise for what the black man can be.
If Nigeria can succeed to create a homeland where being black is not a liability, where the status of the race is improved then the purpose of this book would have been achieved.
The Green Book seeks to ignite consciousness in young Nigerians- over 50 million strong today for what is possible. We can make a nation that works for us where we are loved, protected and supported by our communities. A country where every citizen can aspire and achieve their dreams irrespective of their background.
Continue reading “The Green Book: Eight ‘foundational’ principles for Nigeria’s 3rd generation of political leaders”
Africa democracy slows because its nation states are built on unjust entities
Threats to democratic rule in Africa are growing, but time and demography are against the autocrats.
Election irregularities in Zambia follow the typical pattern used across Africa: muzzle the opposition, use state power to harass their supporters, use state institutions that ought to be independent to carry out the bidding of the incumbent political party.
This has been the order of democracy in Africa in the last 50 years leading to alternations between dictatorships and one-party democracies. The seeming reduction in the number of free or partly free countries as against a decade ago seems correlated to reduced commodity prices and stymying of free markets. At the turn of the millennium many African states adopted the free market ideology and this in turn led to new bases of wealth which eventually enabled more people push for changes in the political system.
This cycle of commodity booms and liberalisation going alongside the loosening of the hold that incumbents place on the political system has been a feature of Africa’s recent power dynamic.
What needs to be done to have more stable political systems is to empower state institutions to be independent of the ruling party. The army should be the guarantor of this independence. If there is a role for the international community, it is to hold the army leaders and other power brokers accountable for subverting state institutions.
Ultimately, Africa will only become truly free when it negotiates its ruling elites’ paranoia for unity and control of unjust entities they inherited from abusive colonial powers. Countries across Africa should devolve power to their ethnic nationalities and allow their people determine the path to the future they see independently of powerful and oppressive unitary centres.
This is what Africa’s young people should clamour for- a move away from abusive political systems that currently benefit the old elite who inherited privileges at a time when might was right.
How can Americans get their police to serve them again?
The American police kills more because they are trained to do just that. They are trained to identify confrontational objects as the enemy and eliminate them. They are not a police force, they are military in police uniforms.
War is often waged overseas to protect citizens at home. If American civilians are citizens, why then is war being waged against them at home?
According to the Guardian’s Counted- a database of fatal police shootings, there has been a total of 932 fatalities caused by use of deadly force by police in the first 10 months of 2015. 25% of these were of unarmed civilians, 6% of whom were female. In Australia, police killed 94 people over the course of 19 years from 1992. In the United Kingdom over the last 24 years, police killed 55 people. German police killed 15 people from 2010 to 2011. Iceland’s police killed one person over the last 71 years!
Now listen to this, in 2013, the police force in Finland fired six bullets. In the February 2015 police shooting of Antonio Montes in Pasco, Washington, three police officers fired a whopping 17 bullets at a man who had his hands in the air!
If American civilians are citizens, why then is war being waged against them at home?
Continue reading “Addressing a Militarised Police in the USA”
The Nigerian youth is a diverse group that does not fit any one stereotype. The poverty of this group as well as other Nigerians is caused by the subtle acceptance of poverty in Nigerian culture as an occurrence that people bring upon themselves.
Messrs Femi Pedro and Ahmed Sule make sweeping generalizations as though the Nigerian youth were one monolithic block. This assumptive centrality gives their arguments a simplistic skew and is representative of how Nigerians as a whole fail to apply thoroughness in analyzing our national challenges
Young and old white rhino as representative of Nigeria’s two different generations
Image credit: Wikipedia
Nigeria’s socio-cultural structure is not one that offers young people a place or a platform through which they can be heard. This is why middle aged and older men will attempt to stand in positions of authority and attempt to speak to and on behalf of a generation to which they do not belong and of whom they do not understand. It is a culture that prides itself in applying whatever advantage one may have in getting ahead of others. Family wealth, traditional kingship titles and age- nothing is spared in forging forward in what is the scramble of Nigerian life. In our race for worldly success which we define primarily in the material, we commonly accept that poverty in our communities is the result of people’s ancestral sins, their own misfortune and the barriers placed in their way by enemies.
Continue reading “The curious case of Nigeria’s different youth generations and their poverty: A rejoinder”
There is the existence of hidden and collective structures of power that surround and control official tenants of government across Africa.
Jean Bayart,The Criminalization of the State in Africa
Photo credit: nations online.org
Lamido Sanusi, the Emir of Kano referred to these power structures as vested interests.
It is this group for whom the Africa rising narrative mostly holds true.
The political system in most of Africa’s 54 countries is inept with a tendency for kleptocracy and self aggrandizement. Given the peculiar nature of the cultural norms in some of its societies e.g. Nigeria, where sudden wealth is acceptable and there is a possibility that criminal networks pay rent to tenants of public offices, there is a high risk that many of its governments may soon be active participants in criminal activities such as the drug trade.
My argument is supported by how Max Brugger in the self shot movie The Ambassador, was able to easily work through European based diplomatic passport brokers to obtain a diplomat’s passport from one of the most senior public leaders in Liberia. It is informative that he paid up to $40,000 directly to the Minister of Foreign affairs- Sherman and was eventually approved by the President- a globally respected African leader.
Sherman fits the categorization of the gate keeper to the inner state- the shadow government that runs African states without the corresponding institutional visibility. At the time Brugger shot his movie in the Central Africa Republic (CAR) , the gatekeeper was Gaston Mackouzangba, Minister of Civil Service and the president’s son Francis Bozize.
Jean Bayart stated in his book entitled, The criminalization of the state in Africa, these men represented invisible power structures that often influenced the tenants of government office to pursue policies that preserved the privileges of different factional interests.
As the world globalizes and criminal non-state actors seek room across the world to distribute and ply their trade, countries with weak governments and elites who abuse state institutions and privatize public resources for self interest will increasingly prove vulnerable to the lure of the drug and other international criminal syndicates.
Criminality is a continuum and the elite of African countries are well steeped in the practice of its intermediate form which is the corruption of the stomach- kleptocracy. The interplay of the interventionism on international criminal syndicates by the West as well as the resources that China offers to African governments in exchange for commodities will both moderate and eventually dictate the extent to which African states actually become active operators in the global underworld.
We will dig more into this in the next post.